Tourism and Florence, get to know the city

We would prefer to call it Florence is a city of research

Few cities in the world have such a complex personality as FlorenceVisiting for a few days or even one day, as it happens especially in the school of tourism, allows you to get a first impression of the city and, in a hurry, to admire only a few of its many beauties. No, but it allows you to get into the identity of the city, past and present, stone and people. Therefore, in order to hope to understand the inner soul of the city and finally be conquered, visits for several days are necessary and must be repeated in time. For Florence, it is more like a city of art, a place where the beauty of the house appears. And indeed, given that about a tenth of the country's artistic heritage, for which they are worth these estimates, is concentrated in Florence, this widespread impression seems quite reasonable. Even a visitor who is too moderately cultured or not distracted will immediately notice how large the square is, on which lie numerous churches, buildings of public or private interest, streets where the uniformity of urban fabric and light and the repeated swaying of roofs are transformed into perspectives that are unmistakable. Extensive grounds, relevant territory, is surrounded by a third and the broader ring of walls, built between the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries (the years of Dante, Giotto, Arnolfo di Cambio), when the city with with a population of one hundred thousand inhabitants, it was one of the four or five major cities in Italy and Europe. On this side, during the demolition of the second half of the XIX century, during the time of the capital of Florence, the site of Oltrarno remained almost intact, and on this side of the Arno, the coin tower and three doors in the squares that were built along the avenues of the ring road remained isolated. Historical information the City of Florence was founded by Julius Caesar with the name of Florence at the merger of the Union with the Arno. The shape of the chessboard, typically Roman, remained unchanged throughout the middle ages, until the construction of the second city wall, in which Florence was expanded and on the left Bank of the Arno, connected to the old city by several bridges, including the famous Ponte Vecchio with its characteristic shops, goldsmiths. In the fifteenth century, Florence came under the rule of the Signoria Medici, rich bankers who became Grand Dukes of Tuscany. Florence and the entire region remained under Medici rule for three years for centuries, during which the city has reached its maximum artistic, cultural, political and economic prosperity. In the th century, the Grand Duchy of Medici was replaced by the duchesses of Lorenz, until Tuscany became part of the Kingdom of Italy, whose capital since then has been Florence. The city is home to such famous figures as Dante, Machiavelli, Boccaccia and Galileo Galilei, as well as home to works by such great artists as Michelangelo, Donatello, Brunelleschi, Botticelli and Giotto. The historic center is home to the cultural and artistic heritage of Florence, one of the greatest in the world. The heart of the city is the Duomo Square, where there is a bell tower designed by Giotto, the baptistery and Santa Maria del Fiore, the Cathedral of Florence. Various artists took part in its construction, including Arnolfo di Cambio and Filippo Brunelleschi. Florence of today, there Are some aspects of today's Florence that are often they escape the attention of visitors, not to mention the Florentines themselves. If Florence is really a city of art, it is not only that, it is not a Museum city, but a city that is alive and full of things to discover, not excluding the cuisine, which is characterized by its simplicity, its sobriety, its tourist traditions and where the quality of the pieces are the steak and excellent wines of the region. And when we talk about things that need to be discovered, we do not want to refer to those branches of crafts and professions that are primarily or at least partially related to tourism, and that even, like fashion, have been important in recent years during the crisis in favor of other cities, or as the jewelers of the Ponte Vecchio and the surrounding streets, or as the production and sale of embroidery and leather and straw items, or as certain sectors of quality craftsmanship, the last heirs of a glorious former artisan (think of carpenters, restorers), or as many antique shops. We are thinking not only about studying and researching in the most important humanitarian fields, which, although they seem so close to the historical character of the city, are also part of the scientific field. In Florence, working in conjunction with the scientific faculties of the University is actually a network that unites all the respected state research institutions: the CNR Area, about a dozen institutes of the astronomical Observatory Arcetri, the Department of the National Institute of nuclear physics, the national Institute of optics, the experimental Institute of the Ministry of agriculture and forestry. For those who are interested in science and the history of science, Florence has a Botanical garden and Museum, the Museum of the history of science and the Museum"La Specola", which has a large collection of anatomical wax models.

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